FTP and FTPS
At Files.com, we are one of the largest FTP providers in the world. That said, FTP is a 50 year old protocol and lacks some of the more sophisticated capabilities for security and performance found in our direct integrations, such as our Desktop, Mobile, Web portal, SDKs, API, and Command Line app. Additionally, corporate firewalls commonly interfere with FTP traffic.
Please visit our Preferred Apps For File Transfer page to learn about and download the Files.com native apps as an alternative to FTP.
We offer FTP primarily for customers who are forced to use it, typically because they are interacting with a legacy application, or legacy hardware, that only supports FTP.
For those customers, we are happy to help you get FTP working, but be aware that it will never be as fast or secure as our native apps.
Files.com operates proprietary FTP server software that we build and maintain in-house using our full-time employees. Our server is compatible with all applicable FTP standards and is tested against many popular FTP clients.
Tip: Set the number of simultaneous connections to the maximum supported by your FTP client.
To increase the number of simultaneous connections in FileZilla, go to Edit > Settings > Transfers and increase the Maximum simultaneous transfers setting to
To increase the number of simultaneous connections in Cyberduck, first go to Edit > Preferences > Transfers and set Transfer Files to "Open multiple connections".
Then, go to to Window > Transfers and increase the counter in the lower right to the maximum.
To ensure the highest level of security, Files.com requires encryption on all connections, including FTP connections, by default.
Administrators can allow plain/unencrypted FTP connections to their Files.com site. Type "Plain/unencrypted FTP Support" in the search box at the top of every page and then click the matching result. Locate the setting for Plain/unencrypted FTP Support, select Allow plain/unencrypted FTP connections and click Save.
If you wish to restrict the use of insecure FTP connections to certain users, you can override the global requirement for those users by adjusting the settings within each user. Type "Users" in the search box at the top of every page and then click the matching result. Edit the user and click on the Other connections tab. Change the Plain/unencrypted FTP support to Allow plain/unencrypted FTP connections.
Plain/unencrypted FTP connections can still be initiated with Files.com even when your site is configured to Require SSL on all FTP connections. This is because users who are configured to Allow plain/unencrypted FTP connections cannot be identified until they attempt to log in. Users who have not been granted an override for plain/unencrypted FTP connections will be forced to use TLS/SSL with FTP when attempting to log in.
Files.com supports both implicit and explicit mode FTP and FTPS. FTP uses well-known ports to infer the exact connection profile.
- FTPS (implicit FTP over TLS) on ports
- FTPeS (explicit FTP over TLS) on ports
- Plain, insecure FTP on port
21(disabled by default, but can be enabled if your business needs require it)
- Passive (PASV) mode on port range
Both active and passive mode FTP connections are supported.
In active mode, Files.com will attempt to connect back to the FTP client using the random data port that the FTP client specified. This requires you to configure inbound firewall rules from Files.com to your FTP client.
In passive (PASV) mode, your FTP client will attempt to connect to Files.com on a random port between
50000. This requires you to configure outbound firewall rules from your FTP client to Files.com.
Files.com supports setting a custom root folder on a per-user basis. It will apply to FTP connections and, optionally, SFTP connections but not anywhere else such as the web, mobile, or desktop app.
This is meant for applications that are unable to change directories appropriately in order to look in the right place for files.
This setting is not a security setting and does not restrict the user from accessing other folders via mechanisms other than FTP. You should use Permissions to set access controls on a per folder basis.
Type "Users" in the search box at the top of every page and then click the matching result. Edit the user and click on the Other Connections tab. Locate the FTP/SFTP client root folder setting.
If set, Files.com will act as if the selected folder is the root folder for any given FTP session.
This setting can also be applied to SFTP connections. To enable this, type "SFTP client root folders" in the search box at the top of every page and then click on the matching result. Update the SFTP client root folders toggle.
FTP, being a legacy protocol, offers a built in facility for converting line endings on text files between LF format and CRLF format. CRLF is most commonly used by Windows applications, while LF is most commonly used by UNIX/Linux/macOS based applications.
The FTP Protocol and many FTP clients call this setting "ASCII Mode". When ASCII Mode is enabled, files with lines ending in CRLF format will be converted to LF format when uploaded to Files.com, and LF format will be converted to CRLF format when downloaded from Files.com. This behavior is almost always undesirable, and we recommend not using it.
In nearly all use cases, you should use the "Binary mode" setting in your FTP clients, which will tell the FTP files never to make content changes to the file.
Files.com also offers a setting for FTP mode behavior that will completely neuter the ASCII setting and tell our server to ignore it even if provided. To find this setting, type "FTP mode behavior" in the search box at the top of every page and then click the matching result. This emulates the behavior of the built in FTP server software that is included with most Microsoft Windows Server releases. This setting may be required if you are migrating certain legacy applications or dealing with customers where you aren't able to effectively control how they've set the ASCII/Binary setting.
Our FTP service includes the ability to configure a welcome message, also known as the Message Of The Day (MOTD), to users. The message will be shown to users when they first connect to Files.com using the FTP and FTPS protocols.
To configure the message, type "Custom message of the day" in the search box at the top of every page and then click on the matching result. Scroll to the setting Custom message of the day (MOTD), select Edit, enter the plain text of your message, and select Save.
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